What is the equal protection of the law requirement of the US Constitution quizlet?

TestNew stuff! a clause in the 14th amendment that forbids any state to deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. By interpretation, the 5th amendment imposed the same limitation on the national government.

What is the equal protection of the law requirement of the US Constitution?

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

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What is equal protection of the laws quizlet?

It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.

What does the Constitution say about equal protection?

The Equal Protection Clause is part of the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State … deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.

What did equal protection of the law allow for in the United States?

equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated.

What is equal protection of the law?

Overview. Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.

What does equal protection require?

The Equal Protection Clause requires states to treat their citizens equally, and advocates have used it to combat discriminatory laws, policies, and government actions.

Why is equal protection of the law important quizlet?

Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. … Law will be upheld only where it is necessary to achieve a compelling government purpose.

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Where in the Constitution does the Equal Protection Clause appear quizlet?

A clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that provides “No State shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.

What is the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause Why is this clause important quizlet?

What is the meaning of the equal protection clause? Why is this clause important? It says that ” no state shall deny to any person within it’s jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. This clause is important because the state governments were abusing their powers and unfairly treating african.

What is equality before law and equal protection of law?

Equality before law means that no one is above the law of the land. … Thus, privileged, underprivileged and unprivileged are equal before law. Equal protection of law means that law provides equal opportunities to all those who are in similar circumstances or situations. This concept is slightly positive in connotation.

What protections are granted under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …

What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?

Legal Definition of equal protection clause

: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

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What would be an example of equal protection of the laws?

For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races. Also, as mentioned above, any laws requiring segregation of the races will be held unconstitutional.

How does the Equal Protection Clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government?

How does the equal protection clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government? It ensures that government cannot draw unreasonable distinctions between groups of people. When do judges apply the strict scrutiny test during judicial review?

What does the Equal Protection Clause prohibit?

The Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law. In other words, the laws of a state must treat an individual in the same manner as other people in similar conditions and circumstances.