What protections do shield laws provide?

Shield laws are statutes that provide journalists either an absolute or qualified privilege to refuse to disclose sources used or information obtained in the course of news gathering.

What protections do Shield laws give reporters quizlet?

Shield laws protect journalists’ right to refuse to testify against their sources while gathering information in their role as journalists.

What is the importance of the shields laws?

A shield law would prevent journalists from being legally compelled to reveal the identities of their confidential sources. Such a law, which would overturn a historic Supreme Court decision, has never gained sufficient traction to pass.

What is not protected under shield laws?

The reporter’s shield law contained in the California Constitution prohibits a publisher, editor, reporter, or other person connected with or employed by a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical publication, or by a press association or wire service, from being held in contempt for refusing to disclose the source of …

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What exactly is it that a shield law protects the press from having to do a protection unavailable to the general public?

California’s shield law is set out in California Evidence Code section 1070, and it protects journalists (defined to include publishers, editors, reporters, or other persons employed by a journalistic organization, whether their work is in print, radio, or television) from being held in contempt for refusing to “ …

What is the purpose of a shield law quizlet?

The shield law is often successfully used by journalists who do not wish to reveal their sources as part of a libel case (arises when one makes a false statement about another person or entity that causes harm to that person’s or entity’s reputation). The shield is intended to be absolute in such matters.

Why are shield laws important to the freedom of the press quizlet?

Laws passed by state legislatures that are designed to protect reporters from being forced to reveal their news sources. … Why are shield laws important for the press? The shield laws help protect the reporter from having to reveal the source of their information.

What are shield laws why have some states passed these laws?

State statutes. Roughly 30 states have passed statutes, called shield laws, allowing journalists to refuse to disclose or testify about confidential or unpublished information, including the identity of sources. The statutes vary significantly from state to state in the scope of their protections.

What cases led shield laws?

In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court recognized in Branzburg v. Hayes that “news gathering is not without First Amendment protections.” The justices, however, could not agree about the form or breadth of those protections.

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What law protects media from being sued?

Section 230 is a section of Title 47 of the United States Code enacted as part of the United States Communications Decency Act, that generally provides immunity for website platforms with respect to third-party content.

Are shield laws protected by the First Amendment?

First, because individuals who might provide confidential or sensitive information to journalists are unlikely to do so unless their anonymity can be guaranteed, shield laws are essential to the practice of investigative journalism and thus to the existence of a free press, which is guaranteed by the First Amendment.

How many US states have shield laws?

Today, 39 states and the District of Columbia have shield laws. Courts have provided varying levels of protection in the other states.

Do shield laws protect freedom of the press?

A shield law is legislation designed to protect reporters’ privilege. This privilege involves the right of news reporters to refuse to testify as to the information and/or sources of information obtained during the news gathering and dissemination process.

What type of shield law does Florida have?

Florida has a shield law that may protect your sources and newsgathering materials. It protects both the identity of sources and unpublished information acquired or prepared during newsgathering, such as notes and outtakes.

What are the provisions under the shield laws in Connecticut state the source for your information?

The Shield Law applies to both published and non-published material, prohibiting compulsory process of “any information obtained or received, whether or not in confidence, by the news media in its capacity in gathering, receiving or processing information for potential communication to the public.” It also provides …

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