protects the major organs of the nervous, respiratory, and circulatory systems. the skull, hyoid bones, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum.
What organ is protected by bones of the axial skeleton?
The main purpose of the axial skeleton is to provide protection for the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and vital organs, such as the heart and lungs. It is also the structure that provides the support and attachment for your arms and legs.
What organs are in the axial skeleton?
The axial skeleton forms the central axis of the body and includes the bones of the skull, ossicles of the middle ear, hyoid bone of the throat, vertebral column, and the thoracic cage (ribcage) (Figure 1).
What specific parts of the body do the axial skeleton bones protect?
The axial skeleton forms the vertical, central axis of the body and includes all bones of the head, neck, chest, and back (Figure 7.1. 1). It serves to protect the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs.
Which organ is not protected by bones in the axial skeleton?
Which organs are not protected by bones in the axial skeleton? Use the image below to help in determining the answer. bladder, uterus, etc.
What bones protect organs?
Flat Bones Protect Internal Organs
There are flat bones in the skull (occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, and vomer), the thoracic cage (sternum and ribs), and the pelvis (ilium, ischium, and pubis). The function of flat bones is to protect internal organs such as the brain, heart, and pelvic organs.
What organs are protected by these bones?
Protects and supports organs: Your skull shields your brain, your ribs protect your heart and lungs, and your backbone protects your spine. Stores minerals: Bones hold your body’s supply of minerals like calcium and vitamin D.
Which part of the axial skeleton provides vertical support for the body while housing and protecting the spinal cord?
The vertebral column consists of 24 bones, each called a vertebra, plus the sacrum and coccyx. The thoracic cage includes the 12 pairs of ribs, and the sternum, the flattened bone of the anterior chest. The axial skeleton supports the head, neck, back, and chest and thus forms the vertical axis of the body.
What is Canal in axial skeleton?
vertebral (spinal) canal: bony passageway within the vertebral column for the spinal cord that is formed by the series of individual vertebral foramina. vertebral arch: bony arch formed by the posterior portion of each vertebra that surrounds and protects the spinal cord.
Which of the following is a function of the axial skeleton quizlet?
The axial skeleton supports the head, neck, back, and chest of the body and allows for movements of these body regions. It also gives bony protections for the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs; stores fat and minerals; and houses the blood-cell producing tissue.
Which organs are protected by the ribcage?
The ribs are connected to the sternum with a strong, somewhat flexible material called cartilage. The rib cage help protects the organs in the chest, such as the heart and lungs, from damage.
How do bones protect internal organs?
Bones also protect internal organs from injury by covering or surrounding them. For example, your ribs protect your lungs and heart, the bones of your vertebral column (spine) protect your spinal cord, and the bones of your cranium (skull) protect your brain (Figure 2).
Which important organ is fully protected inside the bones of the skull?
Your skull protects the most important part of all, the brain. You can feel your skull by pushing on your head, especially in the back a few inches above your neck. The skull is actually made up of different bones.
What is not part of the axial skeleton?
The E) pelvic girdle is not part of the axial skeleton. This is part of the lower limbs, according to common practice.
Is the femur part of the axial skeleton?
The axial skeleton includes the skull and all the cranial bones, the spine, the ribs and the hyoid bone. … The pelvis, femur, fibula, tibia and all of the foot bones as well as the scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna and all of the hand bones are classified as appendicular.
Is the Atlas part of the axial skeleton?
The axial skeleton consists of four types of vertebrae (Figure 5.4). Most anteriorly is a single cervical vertebra, the atlas, that articulates with the occipital condyles of the skull.