What are risk and protective factors in child development?

A protective factor can be defined as “a characteristic at the biological, psychological, family, or community (including peers and culture) level that is associated with a lower likelihood of problem outcomes or that reduces the negative impact of a risk factor on problem outcomes.”1 Conversely, a risk factor can be …

What are risk and protective factors?

Risk factors are characteristics at the biological, psychological, family, community, or cultural level that precede and are associated with a higher likelihood of negative outcomes. Protective factors are characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor’s impact.

What are protective factors in child development?

Five Protective Factors are the foundation of the Strengthening Families Approach: parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of need, knowledge of parenting and child development, and social and emotional competence of children.

What are some of the risk and protective factors that influence child development?

Common protective factors for child abuse and neglect

  • strong parent/child relationship.
  • parental self-esteem.
  • family cohesion.
  • two-parent household.
  • high level of parental education.
  • self-efficacy.
  • family functioning.
  • knowledge of parenting and child development.
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What are the risk factors on child development?

Key risk factors known to affect child development may be broadly grouped into those affecting (1) the wider community and environment in which the child and family live, often termed the social determinants of health [2] (poverty, lack of access to education, environmental stressors, poor water and sanitation); (2) …

What are 5 protective factors?

Five Protective Factors

  • Parental Resilience.
  • Social Connections.
  • Concrete Supports.
  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development.
  • Social and Emotional Competence of Children.

What are protective factors examples?

Protective factor examples

  • Positive attitudes, values or beliefs.
  • Conflict resolution skills.
  • Good mental, physical, spiritual and emotional health.
  • Positive self-esteem.
  • Success at school.
  • Good parenting skills.
  • Parental supervision.
  • Strong social supports.

What are examples of risk factors?

Definition of Risk factor. Risk factor: Something that increases a person’s chances of developing a disease. For example, cigarette smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, and obesity is a risk factor for heart disease.

What are the 6 protective factors?

The six protective factors that have been identified by the United States Department of Health and Human Services include:

  • Nurturing and attachment.
  • Knowledge of parenting and child development.
  • Parental resilience.
  • Social connections.
  • Concrete supports for parents.
  • Social and emotional competence of children.

What is the difference between a risk factor and a protective factor?

Risk factors are those that contribute to a person’s vulnerability to relapse, whereas protective factors mitigate against relapse by enhancing wellbeing; “risk factors increase the likelihood that a disorder will develop and can exacerbate the burden of existing disorder, while protective factors give people …

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What are some child protection issues?

Custody and support, child abuse and neglect, violence against children, child prostitution, child pornography, sex tourism, child labor, and trafficking in children are just some of the issues that arise when discussing child protection.

What are the 3 risk factors?

These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.

What do you know about child protection?

Child Safety Services is dedicated to protecting children and young people who have been harmed, or are at risk of harm. It is immaterial how harm to a child or young person is caused.