The First Amendment exists to protect the American people from the government, specifically Congress. … If someone expresses an opinion, whether it be about the government or their favorite tv show, that person is protected from retribution by the federal government, but another individual is free to disagree and debate.
What does the 1st Amendment not protect?
Categories of speech that are given lesser or no protection by the First Amendment (and therefore may be restricted) include obscenity, fraud, child pornography, speech integral to illegal conduct, speech that incites imminent lawless action, speech that violates intellectual property law, true threats, and commercial …
What kind of speech is not protected by the First Amendment?
Obscenity. Fighting words. Defamation (including libel and slander) Child pornography.
What does the First Amendment protects from?
The First Amendment of the United States Constitution protects the right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression from government interference.
What are 3 things protected by the 1st Amendment?
The five freedoms it protects: speech, religion, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government. Together, these five guaranteed freedoms make the people of the United States of America the freest in the world.
What is a violation of the 1st Amendment?
Certain categories of speech are completely unprotected by the First Amendment. That list includes (i) child pornography, (ii) obscenity, and (iii) “fighting words” or “true threats.”
Does the 1st Amendment protect you at work?
Employees of private employers are subject to the private employer’s rules, and the First Amendment offers no protection. However, private employers are not free to discipline employees for speech if that speech is affirmatively protected by another statute.
Does the First Amendment protect fighting words?
Fighting words are, as first defined by the Supreme Court (SCOTUS) in Chaplinsky v New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568 (1942), words which “by their very utterance, inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace. … Fighting words are a category of speech that is unprotected by the First Amendment.
How does the First Amendment protect freedom of speech?
It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely. It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peaceably and to petition their government.
Does First Amendment protect all forms of speech?
While many Americans know that they have a right to free speech, the lay opinion often views the degree of protection afforded by the United State Constitution as much broader than it is in reality. The First Amendment does not protect all types of speech.
Why the 1st Amendment is important?
Understanding your rights is vital
The First Amendment connects us as Americans. It protects our right to express our deepest beliefs in word and action. Yet most Americans can’t name the five freedoms it guarantees – religion, speech, press, assembly and petition.
How does the First Amendment affect us today?
The First Amendment affects our daily lives by ensuring that as individuals in a free, democratic society we have the freedom to voice our opinions, criticisms, objections and passions largely free from government interference.
What does the First Amendment mean in kid words?
The First Amendment protects several basic freedoms in the United States including freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition the government. It was part of the Bill of Rights that was added to the Constitution on December 15, 1791.
Does the First Amendment mean you can say anything?
The 1st Amendment to the United States Constitution has been interpreted to mean that you are free to say whatever you want and you are even free to not say anything at all.
What are the four great freedoms protected by the First Amendment?
A careful reading of the First Amendment reveals that it protects several basic liberties — freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly.
Is hate speech protected by the First Amendment?
While “hate speech” is not a legal term in the United States, the U.S. Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled that most of what would qualify as hate speech in other western countries is legally protected free speech under the First Amendment.